This online executive summary summarizes the study corridor’s issues and opportunities, project goals, community input, and the screening process used to develop a set of recommendations.
This report compiles the results of the SR 436 Transit Corridor Study and includes:
- Findings from the Study,
- Recommendations for limited-stop service and Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) between the Orlando International Airport and the Altamonte Springs SunRail station, and
- Next steps for implementing the recommendations
A high resolution version suitable for printing can be downloaded through this link.
¿Como puedes ayudar?
Ir de idea a construcción no es una tarea fácil. Si estas de acuerdo con las recomendaciones de nuestro estudio, hay varias cosas que puedes hacer para convertir este proyecto en una realidad.
Ejecutivos y Lideres Comunitarios
(Por ejemplo, oficiales electos y lideres ejecutivos de organizaciones locales.)
- Conseguir fondos para el estudio de ingeniería preliminar
- Contribuir a la alternativa a corto plazo
- Hacer campaña por una fuente de recursos dedicada al transporte publico
Ingenieros y Planificadores
(Por ejemplo, funcionarios técnicos y gerencia en organizaciones de uso de suelos, salud, y transporte.)
- Incorpora las recomendaciones del estudio en tus proyectos
- Haz que tu compañía o agencia llene una carta de apoyo al proyecto (ejemplo aqui)
(¡Todos somos ciudadanos de Central Florida!)
- Dile a tus oficiales electos que quieres un mejor transporte publico
- Usa LYNX y riega la voz
- Sigue a LYNX para mantenerte al tanto
- Dile gracias al conductor del bus
How can you help?
Going from idea to construction is no easy feat. If you are onboard with the recommendations of the SR 436 Transit Corridor Study, there are a few things you can do to make this project a reality.
(For example, elected officials and executive leadership at local organizations.)
- Secure funds for preliminary engineering
- Contribute to the short-term alternative
- Campaign for dedicated transit funding
(For example, technical and managerial staff at land use, health, or transportation organizations.)
- Incorporate the study’s recommendations into your projects
- Have your company or agency fill out a letter of support (a template is available here)
(We are all citizens of Central Florida!)
- Tell your elected officials that you want better transit
- Ride LYNX and spread the word
- Follow LYNX for updates
- Thank your bus driver
The Story of a Trip
Response to TRB Innovations in Transit Performance Measurement Challenge
Transit agencies across the US are working hard to be more competitive against driving, bicycling, and ride hailing. Many agencies are adding additional service to core routes or rethinking the way their system is laid out. LYNX, the transit agency serving the Orlando, Florida metropolitan region, is one of these agencies.
When a new transit route is proposed, a common step is to run a model to project the ridership on the new route. The problem is that these models are primarily concerned with things that matter only to the transit agency. Things like farebox revenue, cost, buses in peak service, bus revenue miles, etc. Current models don’t capture the things that are important to transit users—like how much they’ll have to wait, how often they’ll need to transfer, or how long they will spend riding the bus.
As part of a recent study on SR 436—one of its busiest corridors—LYNX considered a range of alternatives to increase the frequency and quality of transit service. Through the use of open-source data formats and software, the LYNX team was able to simulate the impact of its proposed alternatives on a trip-by-trip basis.
What we did
We built a trip routing engine using OpenTripPlanner, an open source trip planning software. OpenTripPlanner requires an OpenStreetMap file and a GTFS transit schedule dataset.
Two trip routing “passes” were performed for all trips interacting with SR 436. The first pass used a baseline (existing) GTFS file. The second pass used a GTFS file that reflected the addition of the proposed alternative. The detailed trip routing outputs were used to measure the impact of the proposed route on riders’ experiences.
The visualization below shows how the total travel time and travel distance of each trip changed between the baseline and alternative scenarios. The visualization only shows trips that would ride the proposed alternative. Our analysis shows that the median travel time for these trips would decrease by about 15 minutes.
- Our narrative describes the problem faced, data sources used, analysis approach, and suggestions for scaling up the workflow
- Our Observable notebook includes additional visualizations, as well as the code used to analyze and visualize the data
Las metas del estudio de transporte publico en la SR 436 son:
- Identificar alternativas que mejoren la movilidad y el acceso al transporte publico y otras metas del proyecto.
- Entender la naturaleza de viajes en transporte publico a lo largo del corredor, y la relación entre el servicio de transporte publico en la SR 436 y otros servicios de LYNX, como también de SunRail
- Promover y fomentar proyectos de re-desarrollo en las comunidades y barrios a lo largo del corredor que apoyen al transporte publico al integrar comodidades para el transporte publico, bicicletas, y peatones.
- Analizar el impacto de viajes relacionados al turismo en el corredor.
- Entender la relacion entre el transporte publico y usos de suelo existentes y futuros.
- Entender las necesidades de transporte de los poblaciones que viven, trabajan, y visitan el corredor.
- Enfatizar los fundamentos de Calles Completas sensibles al contexto
LYNX y sus socios están haciendo un estudio de transporte público en el corredor de la SR 436—también conocida como Semoran Boulevard ó Altamonte Drive. El enfoque del estudio es el segmento entre SR 434 en Altamonte Springs y el Terminal Sur del Orlando International Airport. SR 436 les sirve a viajes regionales y locales, y es el punto de entrada a Central Florida para muchos de nuestros 60 millones de visitantes anuales.
The Alternatives Survey gauged the public’s preferences on transit alternatives for SR 436, specific transit improvements, and priorities in promoting community health. From June 14,
The preferred alternative was to convert existing right-turn lanes to business access and transit (BAT) lanes with service from Orlando International Airport (OIA) to the Altamonte Springs SunRail Station (“SunRail”). Regarding improvements, more frequent bus service, less travel time, and bicycle and pedestrian connections were the most valued. Connecting neighborhoods, funding reliable service, and affordable housing were ranked as top priorities for supporting community health goals along SR 436.
Future Transit Alternatives
Respondents were asked to rate the transit alternative approach on SR 436 from one star to five stars. There were four alternatives to choose from: A, B, C1, and C2. For more information about these alternatives click here. Out of the four alternatives, Alternative B—which converts existing right-turn lanes to BAT lanes with service from OIA to SunRail—received the highest ranking with an average of about 3.7 stars (224 respondents total). Alternative C1—which widens SR 436 to accommodate median-running exclusive lanes—was the least preferred choice among respondents with an average ranking of 3.35 and the greatest percentage of one-star rankings (18%).
Investments in Premium Transit
Respondents were asked to allocate a budget to different transit elements. Funds were represented by ten coins of equal value. Respondents chose how to divide these coins over seven transit improvement options. Respondents valued more frequent bus service over other transit improvements provided.
Supporting Community Health
The final survey question was about supporting community health and asked respondents about their preferred strategies to enhance quality of life along the SR 436 corridor. Eight options were presented as strategies to enhance community health and respondents ranked their top three.
Connecting Neighborhoods received mostly positive feedback reflecting attitudes that leaned toward linking places through transit to make traveling healthier, safer and less stressful.
“If the neighborhoods are connected it will help in safety. Riding the bus is not just about not having a car but an alternative and less stressful way of life.”
A common suggestion offered by respondents was that bus stops would be better with more amenities including trashcans, bus shelters and seats, bus stop security and safety, and off-board ticketing machines. In addition, fare medium integration with services like SunRail was suggested.
On affordable housing, feedback was mixed. Some respondents questioned whether the SR 436 corridor is the right area—from a density and land use perspective—for affordable housing efforts.
Respondents were asked about the frequency of their transit use on SR 436, ranging from daily use to never having ridden transit. A total of 174 individuals provided an answer to this question. Results from this question show a diverse split of responses: about 26% of respondents use transit on SR 436 daily and another 26% never use transit on SR 436. Eighteen percent of respondents use transit on SR 436 at least once a week, 16% use transit on the corridor once a year, and 14% use it one a month.
Home and Work Location
Respondents were also asked about the zip code they reside, work, and/or attend school in. Fifty individuals provided their place of residence zip code and 56 provided the zip codes to their work and/or school locations. As shown, respondents live or work near SR 436.
We conducted the Goals & Priorities survey to assess what transit and multimodal improvements the public most wants to see. We asked questions about the public’s goals for the corridor, their preferred objectives, and the outcomes they see as being most important. We also asked for additional information such as key destinations, transit usage, and demographics. Through this survey, we got a better sense of community goals and objectives for the SR 436 corridor.
233 individuals responded to the survey over a three-month period. With regards to transit service, respondents expressed interest in faster travel times, higher frequencies, and effective connections to popular destinations. Other popular objectives included optimized traffic flow and better pedestrian and bicyclists accommodations, both along and across SR 436.
Goals and Objectives
Survey respondents were asked about the goals that had been identified for the project:
- Enhance transit experience
- Safe walking and bicycling
- Encourage redevelopment
- Reliable auto mobility
- Implementable improvements
- Support community health
Respondents were given a list of potential objectives for each goal and were asked to select their top two. The top choices can be seen in the graphic below.
Participants were then asked about the transit amenities they most wanted to see along the corridor. They were given eight options and were asked to order the top five items they’d like to see implemented. The results are shown below:
As shown, participants were most eager to see arrival time displays and lighting upgrades, as well as to have the ability to track and pay for transit via their phones. Note that LYNX rolled out bus tracking and fare by phone capabilities during the survey period.
Participants were then asked about their most frequently visited destinations along SR 436. The results show that a large share of key destinations are shopping-related—more so than work destinations and home destinations. The travel category likely includes many trips to and from the Orlando International Airport, which sits at the south terminus of the study area.
The results shown above will be used to better understand the goals and priorities of the users of the SR 436 corridor. By understanding who uses the corridor, how they use it, and how they wish to use it in the future, we can more effectively implement the desired improvements.
SR 436 Health Impact Assessment
LYNX and its partners are considering the intrinsic link of transportation investments and community health as part of the SR 436 Transit Corridor Study. With the help of health industry representatives from across the region, LYNX is conducting a Health Impact Assessment (HIA) to understand how transit solutions on SR 436 can foster active transportation, access to healthcare, and healthier communities.
The HIA Working Group is composed of public health experts and health industry representatives and serves to advise LYNX and the consultant team on the potential health effects of the proposed transit solution(s).
Quality of Life Survey
LYNX and its partners conducted a Quality of Life survey to understand how transit solutions on SR 436 can foster active transportation, access to healthcare, and healthier communities.
Other Useful Links
- Upload your HIA-related resources here.
- View resources that have been shared here.
- Find the contact information of HIA Working Group members here (password protected)
Working Group Meetings
We reached out to the community to understand how residents, commuters, and students use SR 436. Our “Get to Know You” survey received more than 400 submissions over three months.
More than 60 percent of respondents live, work, or study along SR 436. Others were still likely to travel on SR 436 on a regular basis, as seen in the figure below.
The survey also asked which mode—or modes—of travel respondents use on SR 436. About 90 percent of the 400+ respondents reported that they drive alone on SR 436. About 16 percent have carpooled, and roughly 10 percent have walked, biked, or taken transit on SR 436. (Because respondents were allowed to choose multiple modes, the percentages do not add up to 100%.)
Survey respondents that did not take the bus were asked why. The most common response was that they already had a car, followed by slow speeds and the need to transfer.
Finally, survey respondents shared what they liked and they do not like about SR 436. Here are some of the most popular responses:
- “Lots of businesses, stores and restaurants”
- “Straight path to the airport”
- “Traffic flows pretty well”
- “Too much traffic and too many signals out of sync”
- “Pedestrians crossing at midblock”
- “Lack of pedestrian and bike accommodations”
Thanks to everyone who filled out the survey or helped distribute it. The study team has learned tons from those who know the corridor best. These insights will be valuable as the study moves into the next stages.
LYNX is a bus system run by the Central Florida Regional Transportation Authority, serving the greater Orlando, Florida area, Orange, Seminole, and Osceola counties with limited service to Polk county. Bus routes are referred to as Links. (más…)
Foursquare ITP provides innovative transportation solutions that are practical, focused, and implementable. (más…)
Valerin’s talented team of marketing and communications professionals has a proven track record for creating successful, award-winning marketing and branding campaigns, communications strategies, and public awareness plans for a variety of public and private sector clients. (más…)
Kittelson & Associates, Inc. (KAI) has been providing transportation engineering, planning, and research services to government agencies, municipalities, and private organizations since 1985. (más…)
The study ran until late-2018, taking approximately 24 months from beginning to end. The study went through different phases, which are described in the schematic below. (más…)
The goals of the SR 436 transit corridor study are to:
- Identify alternatives to improve mobility and access to transit and other project goals.
- Understand the nature of transit travel along the corridor, and the SR 436 transit service’s relationship to other LYNX services as well as the use of SunRail.
- Promote and encourage redevelopment projects in the communities and neighborhoods along the corridor to be transit supportive by integrating transit, bicycle, and pedestrian amenities within developments.
- Analyze the impact of tourism-related trips in the corridor.
- Analyze the relationship of transit and existing and proposed land uses.
- Understand the transportation needs of the unique populations living, working, and visiting this corridor.
- Emphasize context sensitive complete streets fundamentals.
Use our calendar to find events and workshops to attend. Clicking on the events will take you to the event websites for additional information, including registration, directions, and more.
The following is a list of recent presentations produced as part of the SR 436 transit corridor study:
This presentation summarizes the outcome of the State Road (SR) …Read More »On October 30, 2018, the LYNX study team presented an …Read More »The National BRT Conference focuses on all aspects of BRT, …Read More »On August 27, 2018, the LYNX study team presented an …Read More »On July 17, 2018, LYNX presented to the City of …Read More »On May 1, 2018, Kittelson & Associates, Inc. presented on …Read More »The team presented an update of the study to the …Read More »On June 1, 2017, Kittelson & Associates, Inc. presented on …Read More »On May 18, 2017, LYNX presented at the City of …Read More »
The team has developed reports to document the process behind the SR 436 transit corridor study. Check them out below.
The success of the study is tied closely to the contributions and support of our partners. The following individuals from our Partner Agency Working Group (PAWG) are recognized for their continued participation in the study:
- Frank Consoli (Seminole County)
- Bill Wharton (Seminole County)
- Alissa Torres (Orange County)
- Renzo Nastasi (Orange County)
- Claudia Korobkoff (City of Orlando)
- Billy Hattaway (City of Orlando)
- Elizabeth Whitton (MetroPlan Orlando)
- Alex Quintero (MetroPlan Orlando)
- Gary Huttmann (MetroPlan Orlando)
- Joe Bitar (FDOT D5)
- Jo Santiago (FDOT D5)
- Libertad Acosta-Anderson (FDOT D5)
- Butch Margraf (Winter Park)
- Kelly Brock (Casselberry)
- Emily Hanna (Casselberry)
- Brad Friel (GOAA)
- Davin Ruohomaki (GOAA)
- Fred Milch (ECFRPC)
- Tara McCue (ECFRPC)
- Noel Cooper (Maitland)
- Will Hawthorne (CFX)
- Glenn Pressimone (CFX)
- Tim Wilson (Altamonte Springs)
- Brett Blackadar (Altamonte Springs)
The study team is made up of staff from LYNX and Kittelson & Associates, Inc. and its subconsultants.
- Myles O’Keefe (Project Manager)
- Yash Nagal
- Kittelson & Associates, Inc. (Prime)
- Valerin Group, Inc.
- Foursquare ITP
- STV, Inc.
- Boothe Consulting LLC
- Dix Hite, Inc.
- Dunbar Transportation Consulting
- Partners for Economic Solutions
- Geotechnical and Environmental Consultants, Inc.
- Quality Counts, LLC
The team has made progress on important documents. Check out our latest updates by category or as a list.
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These are frequently asked questions regarding the SR 436 transit corridor study.
The SR 436 Transit Corridor Study resulted in recommendations for limited-stop service (“FastLink”) and Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) between the Orlando International Airport and the Altamonte Springs SunRail station. The recommended strategies are coupled with an action plan for implementation and next steps.
The City of Orlando, Orange County, Seminole County, and the Florida Department of Transportation jointly funded the SR 436 Transit Corridor Study.
LYNX, together with its partner agencies, conducted the SR 436 Transit Corridor Study to understand the needs, issues, and opportunities along the SR 436 corridor as it relates to improving transit mobility and access. Based on this understanding, various alternative solutions were developed and evaluated based on how well each one can meet the corridor’s needs.
The study was performed from 2017 through 2018. The schedule of the various project phases is shown here. Going from study to construction could take several years. The immediate next step is to perform preliminary engineering work to refine the designs and cost estimates of the recommendations.
Many transit projects—as well as pedestrian and bicycling infrastructure improvements—are funded jointly by Federal, State, and local funds. This is likely to be the case for this study’s recommendations. However, existing resources could fund short-term recommendations identified in the study. Finally, the study team continues to look at opportunities for public-private partnerships that could leverage the Central Florida region’s limited resources and shorten the project implementation timeline.
We started by identifying the problem and needs, and developed a long list of alternatives to address those needs. We considered the full range of alternatives, utilizing the latest and most innovative ideas to identify short- and long-term solutions. The entire study process—including the identification and evaluation of alternative strategies—was done in collaboration with our partner agencies and with strong input from the community. The study’s final report summarizes our approach, results, and next steps.
LYNX and its partners are working to enhance transit on SR 436—also known as Semoran Boulevard or Altamonte Drive. SR 436 is a state-operated arterial that serves regional and local travel, and is also the “gateway” into Central Florida for many of our 60 million annual visitors.
The SR 436 Transit Corridor Study resulted in recommendations for limited-stop service (“FastLink”) and Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) between the Orlando International Airport and the Altamonte Springs SunRail station. The study team is working hard to make these and other recommendations a reality.
Eleven LYNX routes run along SR 436
SR 436 connects five cities and two counties
Enhancing the image of SR 436